What are the 4 types of cyber-attacks?
The four main types of cyber-attacks are as follows:
Malware Attacks: Malware refers to malicious software designed to infiltrate computer systems and disrupt their normal operations. This category includes viruses, worms, trojans, ransomware, spyware, and other forms of malicious code that can compromise data, steal information, or cause system damage.
Phishing Attacks: Phishing is a type of social engineering attack in which attackers impersonate legitimate entities, such as banks, email providers, or social media platforms, to deceive users into revealing.
Denial-of-Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) Attacks: DoS and DDoS attacks aim to overwhelm a targeted system, network, or website with a flood of incoming traffic or resource requests, rendering it inaccessible to legitimate users. DoS attacks are usually launched from a single source, while DDoS attacks involve multiple compromised devices coordinated to flood the target.
Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks: In MitM attacks, hackers position themselves between two parties who are communicating with each other, intercepting their communication and potentially altering or eavesdropping on the data transmitted. This attack allows the attacker to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information, such as login credentials, financial details, or confidential messages.
SQL Injection Attacks: SQL (Structured Query Language) injection attacks target web applications that use databases. In this type of attack, hackers insert malicious SQL statements into an application’s input fields, tricking the application into executing unintended database commands. Successful SQL injection attacks can allow attackers to manipulate or extract sensitive data, modify databases, or even gain control over the underlying server.
Zero-Day Exploits: Zero-day exploits target software vulnerabilities that are unknown to the software vendor or have no available patch or fix. Hackers discover and exploit these vulnerabilities before the software developers have a chance to address them. By leveraging zero-day exploits, attackers can gain unauthorized access, execute malicious code, or take control of systems, as the targeted software is defenseless against these specific attacks.